Women can be at more risk of a number of eye health issues for a number of reasons including lifestyle differences and genetic makeup.
Specsavers’ clinical spokesman, Dr Nigel Best, specifies what women need to be aware of regarding their eye health:
• Hormonal changes such as being pregnant, taking contraception and the menopause can lead to changes in glasses prescription and the levels of moisture in the eye.
• Because women live, on average, several years longer than men, they are more likely to develop age related diseases such as macular degeneration and glaucoma.
• Dry eyes are two to three times more common in women than in men. As Androgens, the hormones that play a role in developing male traits seem to confer men with a degree of protection against dry eye.
• Toxoplasmosis is a disease which pregnant women need to be aware of as it is particularly dangerous for an unborn child. The primary source is cats as they carry the disease in their faeces.
Once every two years
Specsavers recommend an eye test once every two years to maintain eye health.