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What causes Menieres disease?

Answer: 

We don't know what causes Menieres disease, but we do know that:

  • It can run in families
  • People with increased pressure in the endolymphatic sac (part of the inner ear) may be more likely to develop it
  • Disturbances involving the balance of sodium and potassium in the fluid contained in the inner ear may lead to the disease
  • People with an abnormal immune response where the body has problems defending itself from alien bodies such as viruses may develop the disease
  • Some specific viral infections are linked to its development
  • Stress can make the symptoms worse
  • It may be associated with changes in blood supply to the ear
  • It may also be associated with head injuries
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