Glaucoma treatment has evolved a lot over recent years, with new research constantly in development.
How glaucoma is managed can be quite complex due to the many treatment options available. We want to explain those options in the easiest way possible — to help you understand which glaucoma treatment your optometrist might suggest and why.
In this glaucoma treatment resource, we'll break down the different glaucoma eye drops and how they're used for glaucoma treatment, articles about treatment plans for specific glaucoma types, and surgical overviews. It should allow you to put your strongest foot forward in terms of managing glaucoma.
Glaucoma treatment options
Glaucoma treatment all depends on the type of glaucoma you have. When you get to this stage, you’ll have been referred to an eye specialist (ophthalmologist) by your optician so they can further assess your eyes and talk you through potential treatment types.
Some of your options might include:
- Eye drops – this helps to treat most cases of glaucoma (primary open-angle glaucoma). There are several different types, but they all aim to reduce the pressure in your eyes. Learn more about them here.
- Laser treatment – this is a type of surgery that uses a very tiny, high-energy beam of light to help improve the drainage inside the eye. It’s often recommended if eye drops aren’t effective, or if people are unable to apply eye drops. There are a few different methods to do this, and your ophthalmologist will be able to recommend the right one for you. People with acute onset glaucoma are more commonly treated with laser to relieve the pressure build up in the eye quickly.
- Trabeculectomy – this type of surgery is typically offered to people who don’t respond to eye drops and aren’t suitable for laser treatment. It involves making a small hole in the tough outer wall of the eye (sclera), which is covered by a ‘trap-door’ of eye tissue under the eyelid and allows fluid to drain out and lower eye pressure. Learn more about it here.
Read more articles about glaucoma treatment
Beta-blockers: how are they used to treat glaucoma?
Beta-blockers are a common component in glaucoma eye drops. But what are they? Learn more about what beta-blockers are, and how they can treat glaucoma.
Glaucoma eye drops: alpha-adrenergic agonists explained
Alpha-adrenergic agonists are a popular type of eye drop for glaucoma treatment. Learn more about what they are here.
Primary angle-closure glaucoma treatment: explained
Primary angle-closure glaucoma is usually treated as a medical emergency. However, there are plenty of treatment options designed to manage the condition.
Primary open-angle glaucoma treatment: explained
Primary open-angle glaucoma is the most common form of glaucoma. Learn more about how it's treated in the UK and how you can manage it successfully.
Prostaglandins for glaucoma treatment: what are they?
The common goal of glaucoma treatment is to reduce eye pressure, which has been shown to limit optic nerve damage.
Secondary glaucoma treatment: explained
Secondary glaucoma refers to an identifiable reason for why the pressure in your eye has increased and consequently led to glaucoma developing.
Trabeculectomy surgery explained for glaucoma treatment
Trabeculectomy surgery is a highly successful option for glaucoma treatment. Learn more about what’s involved here.
Treating glaucoma: what are carbonic anhydrase inhibitors?
A common treatment option for glaucoma are carbonic anhydrase inhibitors. Find out more about how they work here.
Types of glaucoma surgery
There are a number of different treatment options for glaucoma, including surgery. Learn more about these procedures here
Understanding glaucoma: what is the aqueous humour?
Glaucoma is linked to a build-up of pressure in the eye caused by an imbalance in the production and drainage of a fluid called the aqueous humour.